A false ceiling is a lightweight structure that is hung under the existing ceiling. It is popular mainly for technical and aesthetic reasons. For example, by installing a suspended ceiling, you can easily insulate existing spaces and provide new pipes and recessed lighting. You can use it to create different levels and freely determine in which style you want to finish the home.
WHY A REDUCED CEILING?
A suspended ceiling, also known as a false ceiling, offers some interesting advantages:
Improvement of the thermal and acoustic insulation in the house.
Camouflage for cables, pipes and technical tubes.
In case of ventilation, a false ceiling contributes to optimal air circulation between the different rooms.
Possible to build in lighting in different ways.
Easily hide damaged or old ceiling.
Ceilings that are too high can easily be lowered with a suspended ceiling.
Create fun effects by playing with level differences.
Decorative finishes are possible: curved panels, moldings, prints, …
CONSTRUCTION OF A REDUCED CEILING
The construction of a false ceiling can be done in 3 ways:
DEPENDENT REDUCED CEILING
The suspended ceiling is hung under the existing ceiling. Ceiling hangers are attached to the existing ceiling. A structure consisting of a grid of rails is then attached to those ceiling hangers. Finally, the finishing elements (tiles, slats, plasterboards (plasterboard),…) are hooked or clamped into the grid.
SINGLE-BEARING REDUCED CEILING
A cantilevered ceiling does not need a suspension system. Namely, it is hung on the walls / perimeter of the room. The grid of rails is the same as with a suspended ceiling. The difference is that a cantilevered ceiling is more suitable for smaller rooms with smaller spans. In case of large spans, thicker profiles are required.
The big advantage of a cantilevered ceiling is the high acoustic insulation capacity. The ceiling is completely disconnected from the upper floor.
STRINGED REDUCED CEILING
In this method, edge profiles are screwed to the wall. A synthetic cloth is stretched between the profiles using heat technology. That is why the name “stretch ceiling” is also used. What makes this method popular is the smooth and seamless finish and the many options in terms of colors, prints, motifs, …
A stretch ceiling also offers the option of adding insulation. With an acoustic stretch ceiling, a special cloth is combined with acoustic insulation of about 10 to 12 mm. This type of stretch ceiling has small holes and improves the acoustics in the room itself. A sound-insulating stretch ceiling dims the sounds from other rooms. A stretch ceiling with sound insulation has a dense structure so that no dust can pass through it.
HOW MUCH CENTIMETERS SHOULD YOU POCKET?
How many centimeters you will have to lower depends on your wishes and requirements. If you only want to install pipes, it is sufficient to lower a few centimeters. Depending on the thickness, it is best to calculate 6 to 24 centimeters for insulation.
If you also wish to install recessed lighting, you must provide a free space of 15 centimeters. The lighting should not be enclosed by the insulation. If you do this, you will have to remove insulation on site, but that will not benefit the insulation shell. If you want to insulate correctly and install lighting, you will have to lower at least 20 centimeters with the false ceiling.
THE IDEAL HEIGHT OF A REDUCED CEILING
Before you consider installing a false ceiling, it is important to check whether you have enough free space. Regardless of the regional guidelines, the height of a ceiling in new-build homes usually fluctuates around 250 to 260 cm. 240cm is sufficient for bedrooms and bathrooms. A pleasant ceiling height actually mainly depends on your own size, preference, use of color and sense of space.
Some people get stuffy in rooms that are lower than 270cm, others feel perfect in a low room of 220 or 230cm. The best way to deal with this yourself is to take a look at friends and family.